Varroa Sensitive Hygienic VSH Queens
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Cordovan Italian Queens
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Minnesota Hygienic Italians were developed by Dr.
Marla Spivak at the University of Minnesota Bee
Dr. Spivak was named a MacArthur Fellow in 2010
These bees are bred to have a high degree of hygienic behavior known to be effective against diseases of the brood such as American foulbrood and chalkbrood. This trait is thought to be two behaviors acting insynergy, the uncapping of diseased cells, then the removal of the pathogen along with the pupae,effectively disrupting the disease lifecycle. Another trait, Varroa Sensitive Hygiene (VSH) is especially effective at targeting varroa mites. Dr. Spivak played a pivotal role in characterizing this behavior.
Dr. Spivak has been very active for many years in educating and promoting the use of hygienic bees to naturally combat some of the problems facing bees and beekeepers today. She has supplied seed stock to bee breeders around the country to help get a critical mass of resistant bees in the country's honeybee population. Read more about "New Direction for Minnesota Hygienic Line of Bees".
Darrel Rufer - only orders for 50+ queens: (612) 325-1203
Mark Sundberg - large and small orders: (218) 731-5942, firstname.lastname@example.org
Jeff Hull – very limited availability, (218) 205-6426
Instrumentally inseminated MN Hygienic breeder queens are no longer available from Glenn Apiaries. See our for other queens available.
Read more about hygienic behavior:
Hygiene Queen" By Dr. Marla Spivak and Gary Reuter in Bee Culture,
Bee Queen" - Minnesota Magazine
"The Life-giving Secret of Bees" - The Rake
to American foulbrood disease by honey bee colonies, Apis mellifera, bred
for hygienic behavior- Apidologie
The Relationship of Between Suppression of Mite Reproduction (SMR)
and Hygienic Behavior, Ibrahim, A. and Spivak,
M., American Bee Journal, May 2004
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